What Is Pinene? A Quick Guide to This Common Terpene

what is pinene

When you delve into the world of cannabis and its various components, one question that often arises is, “What is pinene?” Terpenes are aromatic compounds found in a multitude of plants, and they play a significant role in the flavors and scents we associate with these plants. One such terpene that holds a prominent place in both cannabis and other botanicals is pinene. 

In this guide, we will explore what pinene is, its different forms, and the potential benefits it offers.

What is Pinene?

Pinene is an oily, clear, colorless liquid that can be extracted from various plant matters. Its name, quite fittingly, derives from its prevalence in pine trees and other conifers. However, it isn’t limited to just evergreens. It can also be found in other natural sources such as orange peel, dill, basil, and parsley. In fact, it is so widespread in the plant kingdom that researchers have identified approximately 200,000 varieties of this terpene.


Alpha-pinene has garnered attention for its wide-ranging therapeutic potential. This terpene has demonstrated its effectiveness as an anti-inflammatory, bronchodilator, pain reliever, anxiety reliever, and even as a tool to combat short-term memory impairment. Its versatility is evident as it’s used in medications that treat kidney and liver issues. Whether consumed by smoking, ingested in edibles or tinctures, or applied topically to the skin, alpha-pinene offers a valuable resource for medical cannabis patients.


Much like alpha-pinene, beta-pinene has also displayed profound and scientifically supported effects on overall health. Researchers have found it to be an effective anti-inflammatory, bronchodilator, pain reliever, anxiety reliever, and can counteract short-term memory impairment. While there are subtle differences between the two, both alpha-pinene and beta-pinene contribute positively to our overall well-being.

Understanding Some Common Pinene Effects

Anti-Inflammatory Effects

Pinene stands as a notable addition to the extensive roster of plant-derived essential oils celebrated for their potent anti-inflammatory properties. A study featured in the American Journal of Chinese Medicine illuminated the remarkable potential of alpha-pinene, mainly through animal trials. Furthermore, a separate investigation in 2018 demonstrated its ability to shield the skin from UV light-induced damage when applied topically. These findings suggest that alpha-pinene emerges as a distinguished contender in the realm of anti-inflammatory agents among essential oils.

Anti-Anxiety Effects

While studies probing its anti-anxiety effects are still in their early stages and predominantly confined to animal subjects, the initial results are undeniably encouraging. A study involving mice revealed that inhaling pinene significantly reduced anxiety levels compared to a placebo group. Although further research involving human participants is required for conclusive evidence, the early indicators of its potential to alleviate anxiety through inhalation are promising.

Neuroprotective Effects

Few systems in the human body hold as much significance as the nervous system. Therefore, when compounds like alpha-pinene demonstrate neuroprotective properties, they seize considerable attention. Preliminary animal studies have identified alpha-pinene as a potential ally in the fight against formidable conditions like Alzheimer’s Disease, dementia, amnesia, cognitive dysfunction, and general memory loss. While research involving human subjects in this domain remains limited, the potential of it, especially in medications with high pinene content, offers a beacon of hope.

Talk to One of Our Providers to Get Your Card

Now that we’ve delved into the question “what is pinene?” it’s time to pick up the phone and call one of our providers at Pause Pain & Wellness. We operate conveniently located clinics across Mississippi, including Oxford, Meridian, Flowood/Jackson, Tupelo, Olive Branch, Starkville, Hattiesburg, and Gulfport. If you’re interested in exploring the potential benefits of pinene and medical cannabis, don’t hesitate to contact us at 833-940-5060 today to schedule your appointment. Our experienced providers can guide you through the process and answer any questions you may have about using pinene-rich cannabis products to improve your well-being.